For a statistical method to be explicitly spatial, it needs to contain some representation of the geography, or spatial context
One of the most common ways is through Spatial Weights Matrices
Core element in several spatial analysis techniques:
wii = 0 by convention
…What is a neighbor???
A course on Geographic Data Science by Dani Arribas-Bel is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.